Creation of Heaven and Earth, and Light and Darkness

Main references: Gn 1:1-19 (1 Thes 5:1-8; Jer 4:23-28; Jn 1:1-5; Rv 21)

What is the creation of heaven and earth? What are the light and darkness according to the Bible?

● Creation of heaven and earth according to the Bible (Gn 1)

God spoke about creating heaven and earth in Genesis 1:1. And at the time of the fulfillment of Revelation (Rv 21), which is 6,000 years after, He said, “Then I saw a new heaven and a new earth, for the first heaven and the first earth had passed away.”

We can see from this that the words of Genesis 1 are regarding how God will create a new heaven and a new earth when the first heaven and the first earth disappears as it becomes corrupt and obsolete.

Are the first heaven and new heaven, and the first earth and new earth, spiritual or physical? In fact, these are describing the destruction and the re-creation of God’s kingdom by figuratively referring to the things of the physical world.

Before God created heaven and earth (i.e. land) on the second and the third days, there was an empty and formless earth, and a dark sky during the first day according to verse 2 (Gn 1:2). There were also waters. What are these earth, sky, and waters in Genesis 1:1 before the creation? After the light was found on the first day (Gn 1:3), the expanse (i.e. heaven) and the earth were created on the second and third days, respectively (Gn 1:7-10). Weren’t these heaven and earth then re-created?

Why did God find the light on the surface of the waters? Why did he create the heaven (i.e. expanse) in the middle of the waters? Why did the land emerge from the waters? How is the earth on the first day different from the earth on the third day? The earth, waters, and the dark sky on the first day did exist in the first place, did they not? They were not newly created.

On the fourth day God created the sun, moon, and stars in the expanse, which was situated in the middle of the waters, and God had them to govern the day and night (Gn 1:14-18). How is the light on the first day different from the light on the fourth day? If the light on the first day were understood as a physical sun in nature, and if the plants, trees, and vegetation were produced through that light (the light from the sun) (Gn 1:11-12), then what are the sun, moon, and stars created on the fourth day? Does it mean that there are two suns in heaven? How can heaven stay in waters? (Gn 1:6) If what was created on the fourth day were meant to be the physical sun, moon, and stars in nature, can the trees and vegetation grow on the third day, which is before the sun was created?

If Genesis 1 were taken as the creation of physical nature, then it does not follow the natural order of things. How can something that does not make sense and illogical be the truth? It certainly has another meaning. It regards the re-creation of a spiritual kingdom, by figuratively using the nature of the physical world. It is a prophecy that is yet to be fulfilled.

● Light and darkness according to the Bible (1 Thes 5)

Light symbolizes a person who has God’s word of life, and darkness symbolizes a person who does not have God’s word (1 Thes 5:1-8). These are the meanings of the light and darkness because the Word is referred to as light or life (Jn 1:1-4).

Since the family of Israel was illustrated by the sun, moon, and stars in Genesis 37:9-11, the sun, moon, and stars symbolize God’s family (the chosen people). The sun, moon, and stars dwell in heaven, and thus, the church (the tabernacle) where the family of God dwells is a figurative heaven. This heaven and the sun, moon, and stars are no different from the heaven (expanse) in Genesis 1:8 and from the sun, moon, and stars in Genesis 1:14-18. If a church where God’s family dwells is a figurative heaven, then a church where God’s family is absent becomes the earth.

Jeremiah 4:23-25 portrays how the earth is formless and empty, and at the heavens, their light was gone, and every bird in the sky had flown away. This makes known the destruction of God’s tabernacle (church) and His chosen people due to their corruption. This is synonymous to the first day in Genesis (Gn 1:2).

1 Thessalonians 5 makes references to the people of day (light) and people of night (darkness). John 1 also mentions the people of light and the people of darkness. Jesus came into the world as a light (Jn 12:46). The scriptures, however, state that the light shines in the darkness, but the darkness has not understood it (Jn 1:5, 9-11).

The fact that the light shines in the world of darkness shows how the ignorant and corrupt era of darkness (night) is coming to an end, and that a new era is launching. It makes it clear now that a new era is created because a previous era becomes corrupt.

Today after 6,000 years have passed, the first heaven and first earth have come to an end, and the new heaven and new earth have been created in the book of Revelation (Rv 21:1). This is the fulfillment of the prophecy of Genesis (chapter 1). The corrupt era is the world where God, who is light, has left, just like in Genesis 1. It is night that comes to an end. The world where God is present, on the other hand, is light and day. It is something that is newly created. Furthermore, a place where God, who is life, is present becomes also life. Today the book of Revelation is proving that the era that is passing away is night and darkness (1 Thes 5), and the re-created twelve tribes are day and light, and they are family in God’s kingdom. Whoever does not believe this is someone who has become darkness, and who has not understood although the light shone in him.

The light has been preaching this light to the ignorant and corrupt darkness so that the darkness can become the same light. Since the light is life, all things cannot live without the light. We are proclaiming life to all creation, just as heaven grants us light, rain, and air. We pray that people will receive this life and live.