Main reference: Is 1 and 2:1-4
● Isaiah 1
∙Key points of verses 1-7:
It is the vision concerning Judah and Jerusalem that Isaiah son of Amoz saw. Isaiah was a prophet who worked during the reign of the four kings of Judah. Through Isaiah, God spoke to the heavens and the earth (i.e. the pastors and the people) and gave them this message: The children he reared and brought up rebelled against him like Adam and Eve. God wanted to fix their wrong, so he beat them from the top of their head to the sole of their foot, to the point of where they had no soundness. They, however, did not repent. Thus, their country was desolate, their cities burned with fire; their fields were stripped by foreigners right before them, laid waste as when overthrown by gentiles.
∙Key points of verses 8-20:
Amongst these people, however, a few of those who have God’s seed have remained. To the people of God that have become like Sodom and Gomorrah, he said, ‘I have no pleasure in your sacrifices or worship or prayer. Defend the cause of the fatherless and plead the case of the widow (those whom God left). If you reason (converse) with me, though your sins are like scarlet and red as crimson, I will make them white as snow and wool, but if you resist and rebel, you will be devoured by the sword.’
Let us see how Judah and Jerusalem (i.e. Israel) has become like a gentile nation, Gomorrah.
∙Key points of verse 21-31:
Faithful city has become a harlot. She once was full of justice; righteousness used to dwell in her – but now murderers. Your (Israel’s) silver has become dross, your choice wine (word) is diluted with water (lies), your rulers (workers: those who are burdened) are rebels, companions of thieves; they all love bribes and chase after gifts. They do not defend the cause of the fatherless; the widow’s case does not come before them. Therefore God declared, ‘I will judge my foes and enemies who deceived the chosen people, and restore Israel as it was, by removing all the dross and impurities. Afterward Israel will be called the City of Righteousness, the Faithful City. Zion will be redeemed with justice, her penitent ones with righteousness. But rebels and sinners will both be broken, and those who forsake the Lord will perish. You, Judah and Jerusalem (i.e. Israel) will be ashamed because of the sacred oaks (tree of the knowledge of the good and evil: gentile pastors) in which you have delighted; you will be disgraced because of the gardens (gentile nations) that you have chosen. You will be like an oak with fading leaves, like a garden without water. The mighty man will become tinder and his work a spark; both will burn together, with no one to quench the fire.’
● Isaiah 2:1-4
Verses 2-3 :
In the last days the mountain of the Lord’s temple will be established as chief among the mountains; it will be raised above the hills, and all nations will stream to it. Many peoples will come and say, ‘Come, let us go up to the mountain of the Lord, to the house of the God of Jacob. He will teach us his ways, so that we may walk in his paths.’ The law will go out from Zion, the word of the Lord from Jerusalem.
Verse 4 :
He will judge between the nations and will settle disputes for many peoples. They will beat their swords into plowshares and their spears into pruning hooks. Nation will not take up sword against nation, nor will they train for war anymore.
‘The last days’ in verse 2 is the end of the age, and ‘the mountain of the Lord’s temple’ is God’s temple. It is ‘chief among the mountains because it has the highest truth. Many will congregate there at that time because they will learn his ways there, which is the word of revelation.
As seen in Isaiah 1, God brings the betrayers and destroyers to an end by judging them. While this judgment happens, those who return to the right track, (i.e. those who escape out of the place of destroyers) (refer to Mt 24:15-16; Rv 17:14; 18:4; 15:2-4) become Mount Zion (i.e. Jerusalem) in chapter 2. Because God is with these people, this place becomes the mountain (temple) of the highest grade.
This mountain is spiritual Mount Zion and the temple of new Jerusalem. God dwells at this temple; it is God’s kingdom (heaven). It is said that all nations will stream here and learn his ways, that is, the word of revelation. Both the law (God’s law) and the word will go out from here (new Jerusalem, Mount Zion) where God is.
In the Second Coming, the place where many peoples will come to is the Temple of the Tabernacle of the Testimony, where the one who overcomes is. This very place is God’s mountain, the temple of the God of Jacob (the one who overcame). At this Temple of the Tabernacle of the Testimony, there is the one who overcomes, whom the Counselor, the Spirit of truth, is one with. Thus, He is the Counselor in flesh. He teaches the congregation members with the revealed word of the New Testament. This is the law and the word going out from Mount Zion, from Jerusalem. Many people gather here to receive this teaching.
After the chosen people were destroyed due to their betrayal, there was a war.
Once the war finishes, however, there is harvest, and the weapons that were used in the war, such as spears and swords, will be made into sickles to be used for harvest (refer to Rv 14:14-16). Both the war and judgment has passed; now we are waiting for the completion of harvest, and the Sabbath-rest.
From Isaiah 1 to Isaiah 2:4 is the conclusion and summary of the 66 chapters of Isaiah.
This happened (fulfilled) at the First Coming of Jesus, and happens again today, which is the end of the age in the New Testament. The church of Jesus has been brought to an end, and harvest has begun.
Those who believe this will know where to go to live. Those who have been harvested have crossed over from death to life.