Moses wrote the book of Genesis after he had heard its content from God. Genesis itself means the era of the beginning, the beginning of the human world with God.
The physical realm was created by the spiritual realm (Gn 1:26-27). In Genesis 1, God makes known the re-creation of the spiritual and physical worlds, by figuratively referring to the creation of the physical world. Concerning the history of the Bible, the work of creation has been done in each biblical generation, and the creation has been occurring in line with the logical order shown in Gn 1. After Adam, the world of Noah was created in this same manner. After Noah, the world of Moses was also created in the same logical order. The creation recorded in Jeremiah chapters 1-4 took place during Jesus’ time, and it was the same content as that of Gn 1.
The new work of creation takes place after the previous world was held captive by the gentiles, due to its betrayal. This is applicable to the times of Isaiah, Jeremiah, Ezekiel, Daniel, and the First and Second coming of Jesus. This new work of creation has occurred in each generation.
The words of the Holy Spirit (the Bible) can only be understood through the eyes and the heart of the Holy Spirit. It can never be perceived by the physical eyes and the experiences that people attain from the physical world.
God spoke in Psalm 78 saying, “I will open my mouth in parables; I will utter hidden things, things from of old.” According to this very promise, Jesus came to the world and revealed the secrets of the kingdom of heaven through the parables. At his Second Coming, however, Jesus promised that these parables would be plainly explained, and everything would be spoken as clear facts, not as parables. Therefore, Jesus’ Second Coming is the time promised in Amos 3:7, when the plans of God (i.e. his secrets NKJV) will be revealed and testified (1 Cor 13:9-12).
♣ First day (vv. 1-5)
In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth. *Now the earth was formless and empty, darkness was over the surface of the deep, and the spirit of God was hovering over the waters. *And God said, “Let there be light,” and there was light. *God saw that the light was good, and he separated the light from the darkness. *God called the light “day,” and the darkness he called “night.” *And there was evening, and there was morning—the first day.
Let’s take a look at the figurative meanings of this passage.
There is no passage saying, God created the heaven and the earth on the first day. What, then, is the empty and formless earth? What is the dark sky? When did God create the waters, which He was hovering over?
On the first day, the earth, sky, and waters are already recorded in the scripture without it being said that God created them. It also says God creates the light from the face of the waters. What happened to the earth that it became empty and formless? Why did the sky go dark? Why did God create the light from the face of the waters? The earth, sky, and waters already existed, these elements were not said to have been created. There was light but there is nothing saying the sun was created.
The literal sun, moon, and stars are not on the surface of the waters, but they are in the physical sky. The scripture states, however, God was hovering over the waters and created light there. This obviously does not make sense if it is understood physically.
When the scripture states that God created the heavens and the earth, it does not mean that God created them for the first time. The earth is figuratively referring to flesh (those who were formed out of the soil, Gn 2:7), and thus, when person’s thoughts are mixed (with other doctrines), it can be described as the earth being mixed or formless. Furthermore, a person’s heart is likened unto a temple of the spirit of God (1 Cor 3:16). If the spirit of God leaves a person’s heart, then the heart of that person becomes empty. This is the status of the earth being empty.
What does it mean that the darkness was over the surface of the deep? The chosen people of God are the figurative sun, moon, and stars, who belong to heaven. If they fall from heaven and return to mere flesh, then the condition becomes one of darkness. They began in the Holy Spirit, but they returned to mere flesh by some other force (Gal 3:3).
The scripture also describes how the spirit of God was hovering over the waters. The waters are not physical waters, but they symbolize the world (Dn 7:3, 17). God was hovering over the waters in order to find a light in the world. Having found the light means having found the person with the word of light (the pastor with the truth).
The light appears in the midst of darkness, and there is a scripture which says, “There was evening, and there was morning.” In other words, God chooses a person with the truth, which is like light, from among the people whose hearts and spirits have gone dark, due to their ignorance (1 Thes 5:4-8). Selection of a person is the first thing God does when he begins the work of re-creation.
This can be proved by several passages in the Bible such as Jeremiah 4, 1 Thessalonians 5, John 1:1-5, John 12:46, Matthew 24, and Revelation 6. These passages contain things hidden from the creation of the world, and Jesus has revealed them through the parables. Please examine these references for yourselves.
♣ Second day (vv. 6-8)
And God said, “Let there be an expanse between the waters to separate water from water.” *So God made the expanse and separated the water under the expanse from the water above it. And it was so. *God called the expanse “sky.” And there was evening, and there was morning—the second day.
After God chooses the light (the pastor) from the dark waters, God creates an expanse (i.e. the sky or heaven) between the waters on the second day. He also separates the water under the expanse from the water above it.
This is not the literal water in the world. How can the sky exist in the midst of the waters? The waters symbolize the world, and the expanse symbolizes the tabernacle, which God creates in the middle of the world. A ship in the midst of the sea, such as Noah’s ark, can also represent God’s tabernacle. The water above and the water below, refer to the revealed word granted from heaven, and the worldly words, respectively. To say this again, after God finds and appoints the pastor of light from the previous destroyed world, God builds an ark or a tabernacle, and referred to it as the expanse in the world. After God’s tabernacle is established, his word from above can be clearly distinguished from the words of the world below.
♣ Third day (vv. 9-13)
And God said, “Let the water under the sky be gathered to one place, and let dry ground appear.” And it was so. *God called the dry ground “land,” and the gathered waters he called “seas.” And God saw that it was good. *Then God said, “Let the land produce vegetation: seed-bearing plants and trees on the land that bear fruit with seed in it, according to their various kinds.” And it was so. *The land produced vegetation: plants bearing seed according to their kinds and trees bearing fruit with seed in it according to their kinds. And God saw that it was good. *And there was evening, and there was morning—the third day.
God creates a light on the first day and the expanse on the second day. On the third day, he gathers the water under the sky to one place, and he lets dry ground appear. God calls the dry ground “land”, and the gathered waters “sea”. Since God formed a man out of dust or soil (Gn 2:7), the dry ground that appears on the third day symbolizes God’s chosen people as well as their tabernacle. The dry ground which appeared on the third day and the sky (the expanse) on the second day refers to the same tabernacle. However, if a difference between those two is to be identified, the sky which is created on the second day is finally revealed to the world on the third day as “dry ground”.
God lets the ground produce grass, vegetation, and seed-bearing trees, which symbolize the believers (i.e. saints) of God. One pastor plays the roles of a light and the tabernacle in the sky, just as Jesus did at the time of his First Coming. The vegetation, grass, and the trees are the people, who are born (i.e. evangelized), through this pastor and they are the dry ground, the flesh, which appears in the world (refer to Rv 21:1).
♣ Fourth day (vv. 14-19)
And God said, “Let there be lights in the expanse of the sky to separate the day from the night, and let them serve as signs to mark seasons and days and years, *and let them be lights in the expanse of the sky to give light on the earth.” And it was so. *God made two great lights—the greater light to govern the day and the lesser light to govern the night. He also made the stars. *God set them in the expanse of the sky to give light on the earth, *to govern the day and the night, and to separate light from darkness. And God saw that it was good. *And there was evening, and there was morning—the fourth day.
God creates a greater light and a lesser light in the expanse, and lets them serve as signs to mark seasons and days and years. God lets the greater light (the sun) govern the day, and the lesser light (the moon) govern the night. He also creates stars and sets them in the expanse to govern the day and the night, and to separate light from darkness.
Let us examine some problems we are facing in Genesis 1.
God creates the sky on the second day and the earth on the third day. In Revelation 21, it says the new heaven and earth he created was made known after the first heaven and earth disappeared. In light of this content in Rv 21, let us examine what the sky (the surface of the deep) and the waters are on the first day.
The light appears on the first day, but there are no sun, moon, or stars in the expanse created on the second day. The grass, vegetation, and the trees created on the third day, can only exist through the light of the first day. Since the evening and morning repeat three times, bringing the third day, God calls each of them the first, second, and the third days.
If these are referring to the light (day), and night of the natural world, then what are the sun (the greater light), moon (the lesser light), and stars on the fourth day? How come the days, seasons and years start to be marked from the fourth day? Does this mean that there are two Suns in the sky? On top of these questions, why is the sky located in the middle of the waters?
Having considered such problems, if the creation of Gn 1 is understood as the creation of the physical world, it is illogical and makes absolutely no sense. Only when it is viewed as the spiritual creation of God’s world, can it be taken logically.
Now, let us understand the creation on the fourth day.
God finds one pastor (light) when the heaven and earth (the first heaven and earth) of one generation become chaotic and dark (first day). God establishes his tabernacle, the sky (the expanse) through that pastor (second day). By having God’s tabernacle established, people of the world (the water below or the sea) are distinguished from the dry ground (God’s people), which are revealed to the world. Through these people of God, He lets good vegetation grow from the land (fourth day). This good vegetation also represents God’s saints. This is the creation that occurred both in the times of Adam and Noah.
On the fourth day, God structures the throne of the kingdom of heaven—the sun, moon, and stars—through the saints who have previously been gathered. From this time, the days, seasons and years of God’s kingdom can be marked and counted. However, the beginning of the creation starts from the first day. This kingdom of God comes to govern the heaven and earth, day and night.
♣ Fifth day (vv. 20-23)
And God said, “Let the water teem with living creatures, and let birds fly above the earth across the expanse of the sky. *So God created the great creatures of the sea and every living and moving thing with which the water teems, according to their kinds, and every winged bird according to its kind. And God saw that it was good. *God blessed them and said, “Be fruitful and increase in number and fill the water in the seas, and let the birds increase on the earth. *And there was evening, and there was morning—the fifth day.
God lets the water teem with living creatures and lets birds fly above the earth, across the expanse of the sky. God also creates different kinds of fish and birds and blesses them. God commands them to be fruitful and increase in number in the seas and in the air. Jesus compares birds to spirits, and fish to people. This means, therefore, that God enables his people to prosper and spread out through the world.
♣ Sixth day (vv. 24-31)
And God said, “Let the land produce living creatures according to their kinds: livestock, creatures that move along the ground, and wild animals, each according to its kind.” And it was so … *So God created man in his own image, in the image of God he created him; male and female he created them. *God blessed them and said to them, “Be fruitful and increase in number; fill the earth and subdue it. Rule over the fish of the sea and the birds of the air and over every living creature that moves on the ground … *And there was evening, and there was morning—the sixth day.
God creates livestock, creatures that move along the ground, wild animals, and man. The Bible says that Moses built what he saw in heaven here on earth. If you look at Rv 4, it shows the images of the four living creatures in the spiritual heaven— the lion, ox, eagle, and man. The fact that God creates the livestock, wild animals, creatures that move along the ground, and man on earth, shows how he creates them according to what is done in heaven. Thus, the sixth day explains that God builds the structure of the four living creatures, the heavenly army on earth, according to the structure of the four living creatures in heaven.
Furthermore, God creates man in his own image and likeness. If one desires to resemble God’s image and likeness, and if he desires to become a person with the same nature as God’s, then he must be born again of God’s word and the Holy Spirit (Jn 3:5; 1 Pt 1:23).
God commands the man he created to be fruitful, increase in number, subdue the earth, and rule over the fish of the sea, birds of the air, and every living creature on earth. God also grants man every seed-bearing plant and every tree that has fruit with seed in it for his food. Through these blessings, the man becomes the lord of all creation and the heir to receive God’s inheritance. This is the creation on the sixth day.
God is the Lord of all creation. God creates his world (initial creation), but when that world becomes corrupt, he re-creates another world (re-creation). The creation during Moses’ time occurred after the times of Adam and Noah.
God figuratively uses the creation of the physical world to explain the spiritual creation. The reason why God uses metaphors and figurative language, to refer to the spiritual creation, is because it contains the secrets of the kingdom of heaven. God spoke to Moses, and Moses recorded what he had heard from God in Gn 1. Even in Gn 1, there are hidden things according to Ps 78. Jesus explained these hidden things through the parables at the First Coming (Mt 13:34-35), and promised to reveal them at an appointed time (Jn 16:25).
The same content as Gn 1 can be seen in the Old and New Testaments, as well as the epistles. God creates a new world when the previous world comes to an end, due to its corruption. The work of creation takes place according to the logical order expressed in Gn 1, regardless of the generation. The physical sky and earth, however, remain forever.
God creates the new heaven and new earth in Rv 21. The same chapter makes known the first heaven and first earth cease to exist. Neither of these heavens and earths are the literal ones of the natural world, nor does the disappearing of the sun, moon, and stars refer to the physical sun, moon and stars of the natural world disappearing.
When this article says, the spiritual creation, it refers to the re-formation of God’s kingdom through the people who are born again spiritually. It is only when one completely understands and knows the entire book of the Bible, which records the true will of God, that he will also be able to clearly understand Gn 1.